DATA MINING
Desktop Survival Guide by Graham Williams 


A boxplot (, ) (also known as a boxandwhisker plot) provides a graphical overview of how data is distributed over the number line. R's boxplot function displays a graphical representation of the textual summary of data. The skewness of the distribution of the data becomes clear.
A boxplot shows the median (the second quartile or the 50th percentile) as the thicker line within the box (). The top and bottom extents of the box ( and respectively) identify the upper quartile (the third quartile or the 75th percentile) and the lower quartile (the first quartile and the 25th percentile). The extent of the box is known as the interquartile range ( ). The dashed lines extend to the maximum and minimum data points that are no more than times the interquartile range from the median. Outliers (points further than times the interquartile range from the median) are then individually plotted (at 3.23, 3.22, and 1.36). Our plot here adds faint horizontal lines to more easily read off the various values.
load("wine.Rdata") attach(wine) boxplot(Ash, xlab="Ash") abline(h=seq(1.4, 3.2, 0.1), col="lightgray", lty="dotted") 